Protection of natural areas

São Paulo also strives to preserve its natural areas. For this reason, the state has 30 state parks, 16 ecological stations, 18 experimental stations, 15 preserved forests, two plant nurseries and two forest nurseries. It is also because of this that the state has the largest and most important remaining area of Atlantic Forest in the whole country, with hundreds of thousands of hectares distributed across many state parks.

Among these, the Serra do Mar State Park deserves mention, with its more than 300,000 hectares. The mountains, forests and waterfalls that stretch along the coastline and cover its islands are not just a beautiful landscape but also a shelter for several species of native flora and fauna. Among the protected islands is São Sebastião, the largest of Brazil’s marine islands, which has more than 80% of its territory preserved by the Ilhabela State Park.

On the south coast, in the Vale do Rio Ribeira do Iguape [Ribeira River Valley] region is the Jureia Ecological Station, with a large part of the fully preserved Serra do Mar, and the Alto Ribeira State Park, which houses a magnificent concentration of limestone caves, among the most beautiful in the country.

Another area of government activity in the environmental field is related to surveillance and inspection of wood entering and sold in the state of São Paulo, making it the first non-Amazonian state to adopt measures of this nature. There is also the State Policy of Payment for Environmental Services, to motivate the maintenance and increased volume of eco-system services.

With these initiatives, the state of São Paulo, the most industrialized in the country, has increased its natural vegetation cover. The state currently has more than 4 million hectares of natural vegetation, corresponding to 18% of its territory. The goal is to reach a natural vegetation cover of 20% by 2020.

More info:
Secretariat for the Environment