Renewable Energy

The state is a world reference in renewable energy. The participation of these energy sources in the São Paulo energy mix was 52% in 2011, especially due to sugarcane products and hydroelectricity. The state is the world’s largest producer of ethanol from sugarcane. The government’s goal is to increase the participation of renewable energies in the state internal energy supply to 69% by 2020, utilizing energy from water, solar, wind, waste, biomass, biogas, biodiesel and ethanol.

Almost the entire vehicle fleet in São Paulo city – seven million – is capable of running on ethanol. São Paulo’s second generation ethanol research is also one of the most advanced in the world. Restricted until recently to isolated experiments by companies and research groups, the search for new techniques in ethanol production has engaged a growing number of researchers, stimulated by research policies aimed at increasing the productivity of Brazilian sugarcane ethanol.

In the case of electricity, São Paulo is the largest consumer market in the country, representing about 30% of total Brazilian demand. There are 72 large to medium hydroelectric power stations in São Paulo, as well as 57 small stations spread across the state, and 377 small thermal power stations (199 of which use sugarcane bagasse) with a total installed capacity of over 21,000 MW (megawatts).

More info:
Secretariat for the Environment
Department of Energy (link in Portuguese)

São Paulo Model on Ethanol (publication in Portuguese)