São Paulo boasts the largest and most developed agro-industrial system in the country and one of the most significant worldwide. The state is the world’s largest producer of sugarcane and oranges. Roughly 60% of world production of orange juice originates in the state. São Paulo is also Brazil’s largest producer of peanuts, natural rubber, flowers, vegetables and eggs. There are 21 million hectares of agricultural land in São Paulo (equivalent to the territory of Romania or Ghana).

Brazil is the most technologically advanced country in the production and use of sugarcane as biofuel. The 2011/2012 harvest produced 559 million tons of sugarcane, which was used to produce 23 billion liters of ethanol. São Paulo is the world’s main producer of sugarcane ethanol, accounting for about 54% of national output.

São Paulo’s agribusiness exports reached US$ 59 billion in 2012, accounting for 49% of Brazilian agribusiness’ industrialized products. São Paulo’s agribusiness sector also stands out for its strict compliance with sanitation, environmental and labor standards and regulations, crucial for the integration of, and trade in, products in international consumer markets.

The Securities, Commodities and Futures Exchange (BM&FBOVESPA), headquartered in Sao Paulo, is one of the major stock exchanges operating with agricultural commodities. Agricultural trade fairs are held throughout the state. The International Fair of Agricultural Technology in Action (Agrishow), held annually in Ribeirão Preto (313 km from São Paulo), is one of the largest trade fairs in the world, showcasing technological innovations in agricultural machinery.

The strength of São Paulo’s agribusiness is largely due to advances that resulted from the intense technical and scientific work carried out by research institutions that began to be established in the state at the end of the 19th century under the direct auspices of the state government. São Paulo houses the oldest and the most sustained research and development structure for the sector in Latin America, with institutions that continue to create technological innovations, thereby allowing the uninterrupted development of agricultural and agro-industry productivity.

More info:
Department of Agriculture and Supply (link in Portuguese)